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Fall Planting Guide
Posted on Sep 26th, 2012
from the WeekendGardener.Net
It's time to start thinking about spring flowering bulbs like Crocus, hyacinth, and tulip bulbs. For best flowering, store them in a paper bag in the crisper section of your refrigerator (away from apples) for at least six weeks before planting. As you select your flowering bulbs to plant this fall, keep in mind that larger caliber bulbs give big, showy displays, but cost more. Smaller caliber bulbs usually are less expensive, with a smaller show, but are great for brightening nooks and crannies in your yard.
Other spring flowering blubs: Daffodils, Dutch iris, Freesia, Anemone, Oxalis, Ranunculus, Watsonia, and Hyacinth to name only a few. Vegetables that like cool weather: beets, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, cabbage, broccoli, kale, kohlrabi, chives, collards, celery, onions, parsley, parsnips, peas, radish, spinach, lettuce, turnips, and Swiss chard. Annual flowers that like cool weather are: pansy, viola, snap-dragon, stock, calendula, Iceland poppies and California poppies.
Two weeks before planting, amend, rototill and fertilize beds you plan to use for or cool- season vegetables.
When planting bulbs, If you are not sure which end of the bulb is the top, plant it on its side. The stem will always grow upright. Plant peonies now, but make sure the crowns are buried only 1 1/2 to 2 inches (3 to 5 cm) below ground level. Deeper planting keeps the plants from blooming.
Pot up chives, parsley, and other herbs, and bring into the house to extend the growing season. Start taking cuttings of your annual plants to bring indoors and carry through the winter. Geranium, coleus, fuschia, and other plants do best when stem cuttings are rooted and kept in pots indoors through the winter. Be sure to place pots where they receive plenty of light.
Fall is usually cool and moist and a good time to plant trees and shrubs. Research has shown that roots will continue to grow until the soil freezes. This is true for both evergreens and deciduous plants. Fall is a great time to plant and divide perennials and shrubs for next year's garden. By planting in the fall, your plants do not endure the stressful summer heat during establishment and have time to form sufficient root systems before the onset of winter dormancy.